15 The LORD God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and keep it. 16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, “You may surely eat of every tree of the garden, 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.” – Genesis 2: 15-17
6 So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate. – Genesis 3:6
Separation from God
22 Then the LORD God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of us in knowing good and evil. Now, lest he reach out his hand and take also of the tree of life and eat, and live forever—” 23 therefore the LORD God sent him out from the garden of Eden to work the ground from which he was taken. – Genesis 3:22-23
The 10 Commandments
1. Thou shalt have no other gods before Me
2. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven images
3. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain
4. Remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy
5. Honor thy father and thy mother
6. Thou shalt not murder
7. Thou shalt not commit adultery
8. Thou shalt not steal
9. Thou shalt not lie
10. Thou shalt not covet
Moses said to the people,
“Do not fear, for God has come to test you, that the fear of him may be before you, that you may not sin.”
– Exodus 20:20
Saved by Grace through Faith
By the grace of God whom they trusted according to His own promises. Day after day every priest stands and performs his religious duties; offering the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. But nevertheless, the obedience of faith that was required under the Mosaic covenant, for example, demanded that people worship at the Tabernacle then later at the Temple. God commanded them to participate in the sacrifices of the Day of Atonement, in Passover, and so on. The Jews celebrated the Passover every year to keep them focused on the One who was to come to die for their sins.
The Prophesy (739 – 681 BC)
1 Who has believed what he has heard from us? And to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed? 2 For he grew up before him like a young plant, and like a root out of dry ground; he had no form or majesty that we should look at him, and no beauty that we should desire him. 3 He was despised and rejected by men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief; and as one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 4 Surely he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned—every one—to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all. 7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent, so he opened not his mouth. 8 By oppression and judgment he was taken away; and as for his generation, who considered that he was cut off out of the land of the living, stricken for the transgression of my people? 9 And they made his grave with the wicked and with a rich man in his death, although he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth. 10 Yet it was the will of the LORD to crush him; he has put him to grief; when his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days; the will of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. 11 Out of the anguish of his soul he shall see and be satisfied; by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous, and he shall bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore I will divide him a portion with the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, because he poured out his soul to death and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and makes intercession for the transgressors. – Isaiah 53
Our Savior, Jesus Christ
“for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God” – Romans 3:23
“For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.” – Romans 6:23
“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life” – John 3:16
■ When God created Adam and Eve, He blessed all humanity with His image and their role as stewards together over the rest of creation. Humanity’s fall into sin may have spoiled things temporarily, but not forever. God promises humanity will rule creation. Jesus Christ, the Second Adam, is Lord over all. Christ must be perfectly human to redeem us. His people will someday rule with Him forever. Jesus Christ, the God-man, proves God has not abandoned His plan.
■ “So that … he might taste death for everyone” (Hebrews 2:9): Romans 6:23 tells us the wages of sin is death. Someone must bear the penalty if those in debt to God because of sin are to go free. The only atonement for sin is a perfect life. “Tasting death” is a graphic way of depicting the painful reality of Jesus Christ dying on behalf of others. This sacrifice for forgiveness proves God’s love.
■ To “make the pioneer of their salvation perfect through what he suffered” (Hebrews 2:10): Jesus brought humanity to perfection through His obedience and His victory over sin and death. Before their sin, Adam and Eve were innocent, but they were not perfect (glorified). They failed to achieve this because they sinned. Jesus came in the likeness of humanity (sinless but not yet perfect) and lived a human life in absolute obedience to God. He, therefore, arose in a glorified (made perfect) body, and He perfected humanity. So, He was truly “made perfect” through His suffering. Jesus is the perfect Savior. If He had not suffered in people’s place for their sins, there would be no Savior at all.
■ To make God and people “of the same family” (Hebrews 2:11-13): Jesus identified with us in suffering. Verse 11 says the perfect Son of God, who died for you, is not ashamed of you. He loves you and identifies with each person’s human weakness apart from sin.6 Luke 8:21 helps us understand Christ’s brothers and sisters are all those who will hear God’s Word and put it into practice.
■ “In order that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God” (Hebrews 2:17): Jesus had to be made like His people in every way to become their “high priest,” or mediator and representative before God. As both our perfect sacrifice and high priest, Jesus removed our sin. He represents us and lovingly speaks for us before God the Father in heaven.